Dermatology

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Psoriasis and Eczema

Psoriasis:

Psoriasis is an inflammatory disorder of the skin characterized by plaques of thickened, reddened scaling skin occurring most commonly on the elbows and knees, and in the scalp and groin.

Mild or limited psoriasis can be treated with topical therapy and/or oral medications. In more generalized cases narrow band UVB phototherapy is prescribed. In moderate to severe cases, oral medications in addition to ultraviolet A exposure, called PUVA, is effective in the majority of patients. The dermatologist will decide what treatment is best for the patient's specific type and degree of the psoriasis. 

   

Eczema:

Atopic eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by a dry, red patchy rash that is irritating and itchy and can be found anywhere on the body. Although the cause is unknown, most believe the skin condition appears to be an abnormal response of the body's immune system.

The National Institutes of Health estimates that 15 million people in the United States have some form of eczema.

Eczema is not contagious and cannot be cured but can be managed. It will come and go spontaneously, usually depending on external factors.

You can help prevent eczema by avoiding triggers and keeping your skin moist.

Treatment for eczema exacerbations include topical medications and not scratching. If the patient needs something to help with itching, oral medications may be prescribed. Also, if a patient gets a secondary infection from scratching, antibiotics may be prescribed. The dermatologist can develop a customized plan best for you and your skin upon evaluation.