Michael Highsmith

Michael Highsmith, PhD, DPT, CP, FAAOP

Associate Professor, Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Sciences

Co-Director, Center for Neuromusculoskeletal Research

Contact Info 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd. MDC077
Tampa FL 33612

Academic Email: mhighsmi@health.usf.edu

Academic Phone:(813) 974-3806

View My C.V.


  • PhD, Clinical & Translational Research, University of South Florida, 2012
  • MSMS, Clinical & Translational Research, University of South Florida, 2009
  • CP, Prosthetics, Northwestern University, 2004
  • DPT, University of St Augustine for Health Sciences, 2003
  • BS, Education, University of South Florida, 1997

Research Interests

  • Clinical Trials of Exoprosthetic Devices.
  • Physical Performance of Persons with Limb Loss & Deficiency.
  • Biomechanics.


  • American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists (Member - Florida Chapter, 2012 - Present)
  • American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists (Member - Board of Directors, 2010 - Present)
  • Florida Physical Therapy Association (FPTA) (Member, 2000 - Present)
  • American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) (Member, 2000 - Present)
  • Special Operations Medical Association (SOMA) (Member, 2013 - 2014)
  • James A. Haley Veteran's Hospital VISN8 Patient Safety Research Center (Amputee Toolkit Committee Member, 2007 - 2009)

Recent Publications

  • Klenow TD, Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. The dead spot phenomenon in prosthetic gait: Quantified with an analysis of center of pressure progression and its velocity in the sagittal plane. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon). 38: 56-62, 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27580450
  • Lura DJ, Wernke MM, Carey SL, Kahle JT, Miro RM, Highsmith MJ. Differences in knee flexion between the Genium and C-Leg microprocessor knees while walking on level ground and ramps. Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon). 30(2) : 175-81, 2015. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25537443
  • Carey SL, Lura DJ, Highsmith MJ. Differences in myoelectric and body-powered upper-limb prostheses: Systematic literature review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 52(3) : 247-62, 2015. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26230500
  • Wernke M, Lura DJ, Carey SL, Highsmith MJ. Technical Note: Design and Performance of a Push-Up Device for Above-Elbow Amputees Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 297-300, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Lura DJ, Lewandowski AL, Quillen WS, Kim HS. Stair Ascent and Ramp Gait Training with the Genium Knee Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 349-358, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Lura DJ, Dubey RV, Carey SL, Quillen WS and Mengelkoch LJ. . Short and Mid-Distance Walking and Posturography with a Novel Microprocessor Knee Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 359-368, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Lura DJ, Mengelkoch LJ. Transtibial Amputee Energy Expenditure During Vertical Ice Climbing and Snowshoeing Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 311-315, 2014.
  • Lura DJ and Highsmith MJ. Technical Note: On the Design of Manually Adjustable Ankle Units for Variable Terrain Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 293-296, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Miro RM, Lura DJ, Dubey RV, Carey SL, Quillen WS, Mengelkoch LJ. Perceived Differences Between the Genium and the C-Leg Microprocessor Prosthetic Knees in Prosthetic-Related Function and Quality of Life. Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 369-375, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Shepard NT, Kaufman KR. The Effects of the C-Leg Knee Prosthesis on Sensory Dependency and Falls During Sensory Organization Testing Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 343-347, 2014.
  • Kahle JT, Orriola JJ, Johnston W, Highsmith MJ. The Effects of Vacuum-Assisted Suspension on Residual Limb Physiology, Wound Healing, and Function: A Systematic Review. Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 333-341, 2014.
  • Carroll MK, Toelle CA, Kim SK, Ambler SB and Highsmith MJ. The Effect of the WalkAide Functional Electrical Stimulation Unit on Gait Asymmetry in a Child with Cerebral Palsy. A Case Report Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 287-292, 2014.
  • Miro RM Young WH Dedrick RF and Highsmith MJ. Predictors of Success on the American Board for Certification’s Prosthetics Certification Exam. Pros Orth Int.(submitted Oct. 2014). , 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ Cummings S Highsmith JT. Furunculosis in a Transtibial Amputee. Phys Med Rehabil Int. 1(3) : 4, 2014.
  • Hart-Hughes S, Latlief GA, Phillips SL, Groer S, Highsmith MJ. A Review of Clinical Outcome Assessment Instruments for Gait, Balance and Fall Risk in Persons with Lower Extremity Amputation Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. 30(1) : 70-6, 2014.
  • Carey SL, Wernke MM, Lura DJ, Kahle JT, Dubey RV, Highsmith MJ. Golf hand prosthesis performance of transradial amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. , 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24570019
  • Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. Transfemoral interfaces with vacuum assisted suspension comparison of gait, balance, and subjective analysis: ischial containment versus brimless. Gait & Posture. 40(2) : 315-20, 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24852508
  • Mengelkoch LJ, Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. Energy Costs & Performance of Transtibial Amputees & Non-amputees during Walking & Running. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 35(14) : 1-6, 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25144429
  • Mengelkoch LJ, Highsmith MJ, Morris ML. Comparison of the metabolic demands of dance performance using three mobility devices for a dancer with spinal cord injury and an able-bodied dancer. Medical Problems of Performing Artists. 29(3) : 163-7, 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25194114
  • Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ First Step. A Guide for Adapting to Limb Loss. : 87-89, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ. Editorial: Clinical Innovations in Prosthetics and Orthotics Technol Innov.. (15) : 349-358, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ. . Comparative Effectiveness Research in Prosthetics and Amputee Rehabilitation at the University of South Florida. Contemplating New Interventions for Contractures in Amputees J Yoga Phys Ther. 4(3) : 114, 2014.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Miro RM, Mengelkoch LJ. Ramp Descent Performance with the C-Leg and Interrater Reliability of the Hill Assessment Index Prosthet Orthot Int. 5(37) : 362-368, 2013.
  • Lewandowski AL, Bodkin DW, Noe SA, Orriola JJ, Michael JW, Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. . Energy Consumption, Ambulatory Prognosis and Individualized Technical Solutions for Persons with Bilateral Transfemoral Amputations: A Literature Review Technol Innov.. 1(15) : 317-324, 2013.
  • Kahle JT and Highsmith MJ. Transfemoral Interfaces with Vacuum Assisted Suspension Comparison of Skeletal Kinematics, Pressure and Preference: Ischial Containment versus Brimless Journal of Rehabilitation, Research, and Development. 50(9) : 1241-52, 2013.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Quillen WS, Mengelkoch LJ. Spatiotemporal Parameters and Step Activity of a Specialized Stepping Pattern used by a Transtibial Amputee During a Denali Mountaineering Expedition Journal of the American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists. 3(24) : 153-157, 2012.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Kim SK. Microprocessor Knees: Considerations for Accommodation and Training. Official Findings of the State-of-the-Science-Conference. American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists State of the Science. (11) : 60-64, 2012.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT. Taking Prosthetic Research to the Next Level The O&P Edge. : 74-78, 2012.
  • Latlief G, Elnitsky C, Hart-Hughes S, Phillips SL, Adams-Koss L, Kent R, Highsmith MJ. Patient Safety in the Rehabilitation of the Adult with an Amputation Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2(23) : 377-392, 2012.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Lewandowski AL, Kim SH, Mengelkoch LJ. A Method for Training Step-Over-Step Stair Descent Gait with Stance Yielding Prosthetic Knees J Prosthet Orthot. 1(24) : 10-15, 2012.
  • Miro RM Lewandowski AL Kahle JT Mengelkoch LJ Boone DA Highsmith MJ. Bibliometric Analysis of Articles Published from 2009 through 2011 in JPOJournal of the American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists. J Prosthet Orthot (Submitted 2012). , 2012.
  • Hart-Hughes S, Latlief, GA, Phillips SL, Groer S, Highsmith MJ. A Review of Clinical Outcome Assessment Instruments for Gait, Balance and Fall Risk in Persons with Lower Extremity Amputation Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. , 2011.
  • Chimento J Highsmith MJ Crane NB. 3D printed tooling for thermoforming of medical devices. Rapid Prototyping Journal.. 17(5) : 387-392, 2011.
  • Highsmith MJ, Highsmith JT, Kahle JT. Identifying and Managing Skin Issues with Lower-Limb Prosthetic Use In Motion. 1(21) : 41-43, 2011.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Carey SL, Lura DJ, Dubey RV, Csavina KR, Quillen WS. Kinetic Asymmetry in Transfemoral Amputees while Performing Sit to Stand and Stand to Sit Movements Gait Posture. 1(34) : 86-91, 2011.
  • Morris ML, De Laurentis KJ, Carey SL, Sundarrao S, Dubey RV, Highsmith MJ, Mengelkoch LJ, McQueen ME. Dance and Engineering Link to Produce a Novel Mobility Device Technol Innov.. 1(13) : 213-224, 2011.
  • Kahle JT, Highsmith MJ. How to be a Good Patient In Motion. 4(20) : 18-19, 2010.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Bongiorni DR, Sutton BS, Groer S, Kaufman KR. . Safety, energy efficiency, and cost efficacy of the C-Leg for transfemoral amputees: A review of the literature Prosthet Orthot Int. 4(34) : 362-377, 2010.
  • Highsmith MJ, Kahle JT, Carey SL, Lura DJ, Dubey RV, Quillen WS. Kinetic differences using a Power Knee and C-Leg while sitting down and standing up: A Case Report J Prosthet Orthot. 4(22) : 237-243, 2010.
  • Highsmith MJ Schulz BW Hart-Hughes S Latlief GA Phillips SL. Differences in the Spatiotemporal Parameters of Transtibial and Transfemoral Amputee Gait. J Prosthet Orthot. 22(1) : 26-30, 2010.
  • Ramirez IA, Lusk CP, Dubey R, Highsmith MJ, Maitland ME. Crossed four-bar mechanism for improved prosthetic grasp. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 46(8) : 1011-20, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20157858
  • Lemaire ED, Highsmith MJ, Kaphingst W. Guest editorial: prosthetic and orthotic resources for communicating in a global village. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 46(7) : xiii-xxi, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20104413

Positions Held

  • Research Scientist/Physical Therapist (Patient Safety Research Center of Inquiry, James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital 2008 - 2012)
  • Visiting Assistant Professor and Project Manager (School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of South Florida 2005 - 2008)
  • Resident Prosthetist (Westcoast Brace & Limb, 2004 - 2005)
  • Physical Therapist (Loyd Healthcare Staffing, 2004 - 2005)
  • Physical Therapist (Kessler Rehabilitation, 2003 - 2004)


  • Thranhardt Lecture Award (American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association - 2012)
  • Margaret L. Moore Award for Outstanding New Academic Faculty (American Physical Therapy Association - 2012)
  • Member (Academy of Inventors, University of South Florida - 2010)
  • Outsanding Interdisciplinary Poster Award (University of South Florida, College of Medicine - 2008)