The aim of this study is to describe the interactions between infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and their mothers and evaluate the influence of the psychological characteristics on the interactions. It is proposed that women with positive urine drug screens commonly exhibit behaviors that increase the distress of their infant, and are unable to read the infant cues for readiness to interact. A comparative, descriptive design of the real time behaviors between mothers and their infants with NAS will be used to identify behaviors unique to this dyad.
Public Health Relevance
The results of this study will identify the nature of the interactions, and enable development of nursing interventions in the NICU that will enhance parenting in this high risk population.