Faculty & Staff

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Transforming Healthcare Transforming Lives:
Creating the Nursing Leaders of Tomorrow and the Research that Improves Health

Cindy Munro, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, FAAN, FAANP, FAAAS

CindyMunro
  • Assoc Dean, College Of Nursing
  • Professor And Assoc Dean, College Of Nursing
  • Associate Dean, Research and Innovation, and Professor, College of Nursing, Tampa

Education

  • Post Master's - ANP, Adult Nurse Practitioner, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1997
  • PhD, Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1992
  • PhD, Clinical Science Program (Nursing & Basic Health Science), Virginia Commonwealth University, 1992
  • MS, Medical Surgical Nursing, University of Delaware, 1984
  • BSN, Nursing, Millersville University of Pennsylvania, 1983
  • Diploma Professional Nursing, Nursing, York Hospital School of Nurisng, 1976

Interdisciplinary and Emerging Signature Programs

  • Allergy, Immunology & Infectious Disease

Research Interests

  • Cindy L. Munro, RN, ANP, PhD, FAAN, FAANP, FAAAS is the Associate Dean of Research and Innovation at the USF College of Nursing in Tampa, FL. Dr. Munro’s research activities focus consistently on the relationship between oral health and the prevention of systemic disease, and have been supported by funding of more than $8 million in direct costs as a principal or co-investigator. She recently received a $1.78 million continuation grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research focused on oral care in critically ill adults, and is currently studying the impact of chlorhexidine mouthwash prior to intubation procedures on the prevention of pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients.

Awards/Honors

  • 2014 MAGGIE Award Winner for Best Signed Editorial or Essay (Western Publication Association - 2014)
  • FNINR Ambsassador, inaugural cohort (Friends of the National Institute of Nursing Research - 2014)
  • Outstanding Faculty Award (University of South Florida - 2014)
  • Great 100 Nurses Award (Florida Nurses Association - 2013)
  • 2014 Distinguished Research Lecturer (American Association of Critical Care Nurses - 2013)
  • Established Investigator Award (USF College of Nursing - 2013)
  • Fellow (American Association for the Advancement of Science - 2013)
  • Visionary Leader (Virginia Commonwealther University - 2013)
  • Nursing and Patient Care Services Excellence in Teaching Award (Virginia Commonwealth University - 2010)
  • Nursing Alumni Endowed Professor (Virginia Commonwealth University - 2009)
  • Outstanding Nurse Alumnus Award (Virginia Commonwealth University - 2009)
  • Oxford University Harris-Manchester College Summer Research Fellow (Oxford University Harris-Manchester College - 2008)
  • Educational Scholarship Award (Society of Critical Care Medicine - 2007)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners - 2007)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Nursing (American Academy of Nursing - 2005)

Memberships

  • USF Chapter of the National Academy of Inventors (Member, 2014 - Present)
  • American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (Fellow, 2013 - Present)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow, 2013 - Present)
  • Florida Nurses Association (Member, 2011 - Present)
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine (Member, 2006 - Present)
  • American Society for Microbiology (Member, 1998 - Present)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (Member, 1992 - Present)
  • Sigma Theta Tau International (Member, 1991 - Present)
  • American Association of Critical Care Nurses (Member, 1982 - Present)
  • American Academy of Nursing (Fellow, Acute & Critical Care Expert Panel Member, 2005 - 2013)
  • Southern Nursing Research Society (President Elect (2012-14), Chair, Grants & Awards (2008-12), 1992 - 2013)
  • American College of Chest Physicians (Quality Improvement Committee, AACN Representative, 2008 - 2012)

Selected Publications

  • Mellott KG, Grap MJ, Munro CL, Sessler CN, Wetzel PA, Nilsestuen JO, Ketchum JM. Patient ventilator asynchrony in critically ill adults: Frequency and types. Heart Lung. 3(43) : 231-43, 2014.
  • O'Neal PV, Grap MJ, Munro CL, Sessler CN, Elswick RK Jr, Sinks SZ. Subglottic secretion volume and viscosity: effect of systemic volume and oral hydration. Dynamics.. 1(25) : 19-25, 2014.
  • Munro CL, Savel RH. Capitalizing on transactive knowledge in the ICU. Am J Crit Care. 5(23) : 359-61, 2014.
  • Munro CL Recognizing excellence. Res Nurs Health. 4(37) : 265-6, 2014.
  • Savel RH, Munro CL. The importance of spirituality in patient-centered care. Am J Crit Care. 4(23) : 276-8, 2014.
  • Munro CL. Success in the garden-and in research: message from the president. Res Nurs Health. 3(37) : 182-3, 2014.
  • Munro CL, Savel RH. Balancing act: optimal care in the real world. Am J Crit Care. 3(23) : 184-6, 2014.
  • Munro, CL Message from the president: making the most of conferences. Res Nurs Health. 2(37) : 88-9, 2014.
  • Savel RH, Munro CL. Current state of health care reform: dysfunctional government, divided country. Am J Crit Care. 2(23) : 100-2, 2014.
  • Burk RS, Grap MJ, Munro CL, Schubert CM, Sessler CN. Predictors of agitation in critically ill adults. Am J Crit Care. 5(23) : 414-23, 2014.
  • Burk RS, Grap MJ, Munro CL, Schubert CM, Sessler CN. Agitation onset, frequency, and associated temporal factors in critically ill adults. Am J Crit Care. 4(23) : 296-304, 2014.
  • Munro CL Oral health: something to smile about! Am J Crit Care. 4(23) : 282-8; quiz 289, 2014.
  • Munro CL Writing a Peer Review Anatomy of Writing for Publication for Nurses 2nd Edition. , 2014.
  • Munro CL, Savel RH Stepping forward in practice through research Am J Crit Care. 1(2) : 4-6, 2014.
  • Grap MJ, Munro CL, Wetzel PA, Ketchum JM, Hamilton VA, Sessler CN Responses to noxious stimuli in sedated mechanically ventilated adults. Heart Lung. 1(43) : 6-12, 2014.
  • Munro CL, Macrina FL Science, Technology and Society. Scientific Integrity: Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research 4th Edition, Macrina, FL.. : 361-86, 2014.
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. How much care is too much care? American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 22(2) : 86-8, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23455855
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. Communicating and connecting with patients and their families. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 22(1) : 4-6, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23283082
  • Munro CL, Savel RH Publish (high-quality evidence for clinical practice) or (patients may) perish. American Journal of Critical Care. 3(22) : 182-4, 2013.
  • Munro CL, Savel RH Avoiding the critical care nursing brain drain American Journal of Critical Care. 5(22) : 372-374, 2013.
  • Savel RH, Munro CL Promise and pitfalls of the electronic health record Am J Crit Care. 6(22) : 460-2, 2013.
  • Savel RH, Munro CL. Current state of health care reform: dysfunctional government, divided country. Am J Crit Care. 2(23) : 100-102, 2013.
  • Rahu MA, Grap MJ, Cohn JF, Munro CL, Lyon DE, Sessler CN Facial Expression as an Indicator of Pain in Critically Ill Intubated Adults During Endotracheal Suctioning American Journal of Critical Care. 5(22) : 412-422, 2013.
  • Chandler, R, Anstey, EH, Munro, CL, & Morrison-Beedy, D. Experiencing audio recorded research (EARR): Giving voice to qualitative poster presentations. The Qualitative Report. (18) : 1-9, 2013.
  • Savel, RH. Munro, CL Conflict management in the intensive care unit. American Journal of Critical Care. 22(4) : 277-80, 2013.
  • Trihn, M. GE, X. Dobson, A. Kitten, T. Munro, CL. Xu, P. Two-component systems response regulators involved in virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4 in infective endocarditis. PLoS One. 8(1) : e54320, 2013.
  • Graves, BT. Munro, CL. Epigenetics in critical illness: A new frontier Nursing Research and Practice. : http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/503686, 2013.
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. What you call it does matter: new definitions of ARDS and VAP. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(5) : 305-7, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22941698
  • Frazelle, MR.Munro, CL. Toothbrush contamination: a review of the literature. Nursing research and practice. 2012: 420630, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22315679
  • Kitten, T. Munro, CL. Zollar, NQ. Lee, SP. Patel, RD. Oral streptococcal bacteremia in hospitalized patients: taxonomic identification and clinical characterization. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 50(3) : 1039-42, 2012.
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Wetzel, PA.Best, AM.Ketchum, JM.Hamilton, VA.Arief, NY.Pickler, R.Sessler, CN. Sedation in adults receiving mechanical ventilation: physiological and comfort outcomes. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(3) : e53-63; quiz e64, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22549581
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. On being a critical care nurse: an informal survey. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(3) : 146-8, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22549567
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. Evidence-based backlash: the tale of drotrecogin alfa. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(2) : 81-3, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22381983
  • Williamson, S. Munro, C. Pickler, R. Grap, MJ. Elswick, RK Jr. Comparison of biomarkers in blood and saliva in healthy adults. Nursing Research and Practice. : 246718, 2012.
  • Grap, MJ. Munro, CL. Wezel, PA, AM. Ketchum, JM. Hamilton, VA. Arief, NY. Pickler, R. Sessler, CN. Sedation in adults receiving mechanical ventilation: physiological and comfort outcomes. American Journal of Critical Care. 21(3) : e53-63, quiz e64, 2012.
  • Ameringer, S. Munro, C. Elswick, RK. Assessing agreement between salivary alpha amylase levels collected by passive drool and eluted filter paper in adolescents with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum. 39(4) : E317-23, 2012.
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Unoki, T.Hamilton, VA.Ward, KR. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: the potential critical role of emergency medicine in prevention. The Journal of emergency medicine. 42(3) : 353-62, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20692786
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. Advancing critical care through interdisciplinary research. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(1) : 5-7, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22210692
  • Athilingam, P. Munro, C. D'Aoust, FL. Karch, AM. Chen, L. Cognitive protection by angiotensin converting enzyme in heart failure. International Journal of Nursing Science. 2(3) : 14-22, 2012.
  • Tubbs-Cooley, HL. Munro, CL. Pickler, RH. Issues in research integrity: deciding what is mine, yours and ours. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. 26(5) : 370-3, 2012.
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. Awakening (mis)conceptions about brain death. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(6) : 377-9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23117900
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. Nursing unleashed. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 21(4) : 222-4, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22751363
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. Scalpel, stethoscope, iPad: the future is now in the intensive care unit. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(4) : 275-7, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21724630
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. Critical care and the future of nursing. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(3) : 188-90, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21532038
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Hamilton, VA.Elswick, RK.Sessler, CN.Ward, KR. Early, single chlorhexidine application reduces ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 40(5) : e115-22, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21411151
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. Clarifying complex relationships to improve outcomes after cardiac surgery. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(2) : 94-7, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21362713
  • Lyon, D. Walter, J. Munro, CL. Schubert, CM. McCain, NL. Challenges in interpreting cytokine biomarkers in biobehavioral research: a breast cancer exemplar. Biological Research for Nursing. 13(1) : 25-31, 2011.
  • Lyon, DE. McCain, NL. Pickler, RH. Munro, C. Elswick, RK Jr. Advancing the biobehavioral research of fatigue with genetics and genomics. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 43(3) : 274-81, 2011.
  • Jones, DJ. Munro, CL. Grap, MJ. Natural history of dental plaque accumulation in mechanically ventilated adults: A descriptive correlational study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 27(6) : 299-304, 2011.
  • Callahan, JE. Munro, CL. Kitten, T. The Streptococcus sanguinis competence regulon is not required for infective endocarditis virulence in a rabbit model. PLoS One. 6(10) : e26403, 2011.
  • Lyon, D.Walter, J.Munro, CL.Schubert, CM.McCain, NL. Challenges in interpreting cytokine biomarkers in biobehavioral research: a breast cancer exemplar. Biological research for nursing. 13(1) : 25-31, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21199813
  • Savel, RH.Munro, CL. The essence of nursing. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(6) : 418-20, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22045129
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. Adventures in Neverland: challenges and alternatives. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(1) : 6-8, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21196565
  • Jones, DJ.Munro, CL.Grap, MJ. Natural history of dental plaque accumulation in mechanically ventilated adults: a descriptive correlational study. Intensive & critical care nursing : the official journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses. 27(6) : 299-304, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22014582
  • Munro, CL.Savel, RH. September 2011: a time to remember and prepare. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 20(5) : 356-8, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21885455
  • Munro, CL. Uncertainties on the frontier: rescue therapy in pandemic influenza. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 19(2) : 104-7, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20194604
  • Munro, CL. Running the maze and walking the labyrinth. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 19(3) : 208-10, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20436060
  • Munro, CL. The "lady with the lamp" illuminates critical care today. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 19(4) : 315-7, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20595212
  • Jones, DJ.Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Kitten, T.Edmond, M. Oral care and bacteremia risk in mechanically ventilated adults. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 39(6 Suppl) : S57-65, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20598375
  • Grap, MJ. Munro, CL. Unoki, T. Hamilton, VA. Ward, KR. Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: The potential critical role of emergency medicine in prevention. The Journal of Emergency Medicine. 42(3) : 353-62, 2010.
  • Munro, CL. A resolution for 2010: ring in the true. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 19(1) : 12-4, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20045843
  • Munro, CL. The medium and the message: opportunities and challenges. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 19(5) : 400-2, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20810410
  • Zavertnik, JE.Huff, TA.Munro, CL. Innovative approach to teaching communication skills to nursing students. The Journal of nursing education. 49(2) : 65-71, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19810670
  • Ge, X.Kitten, T.Munro, CL.Conrad, DH.Xu, P. Pooled protein immunization for identification of cell surface antigens in Streptococcus sanguinis. PloS one. 5(7) : e11666, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20668678
  • Morris, PE.Munro, CL. Will comparative effectiveness research increase patient safety in intensive care units? American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(6) : 504-6, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19880947
  • Mellott, KG.Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Sessler, CN.Wetzel, PA. Patient-ventilator dyssynchrony: clinical significance and implications for practice. Critical care nurse. 29(6) : 41-55 quiz 1 p following 55, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19724065
  • Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Jones, DJ.McClish, DK.Sessler, CN. Chlorhexidine, toothbrushing, and preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill adults. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(5) : 428-37; quiz 438, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19723863
  • Munro, CL.Morris, PE. Seasonal influenza: protect your patients by protecting yourself. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(5) : 396-8, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19723851
  • Turner, LS.Kanamoto, T.Unoki, T.Munro, CL.Wu, H.Kitten, T. Comprehensive evaluation of Streptococcus sanguinis cell wall-anchored proteins in early infective endocarditis. Infection and immunity. 77(11) : 4966-75, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19703977
  • Morris, PE.Munro, CL. All ICUs are not created equal: evaluating pilot studies performed in different environments. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(4) : 294-7, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19556406
  • Turner, LS.Das, S.Kanamoto, T.Munro, CL.Kitten, T. Development of genetic tools for in vivo virulence analysis of Streptococcus sanguinis. Microbiology (Reading, England). 155(Pt 8) : 2573-82, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19423626
  • Munro, CL. Hope and change in critical care. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(3) : 188-90, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19411575
  • Das, S.Kanamoto, T.Ge, X.Xu, P.Unoki, T.Munro, CL.Kitten, T. Contribution of lipoproteins and lipoprotein processing to endocarditis virulence in Streptococcus sanguinis. Journal of bacteriology. 191(13) : 4166-79, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19395487
  • Jablonski, RA.Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Schubert, CM.Ligon, M.Spigelmyer, P. Mouth care in nursing homes: knowledge, beliefs, and practices of nursing assistants. Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.). 30(2) : 99-107, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19345849
  • Unoki, T.Grap, MJ.Sessler, CN.Best, AM.Wetzel, P.Hamilton, A.Mellott, KG.Munro, CL. Autonomic nervous system function and depth of sedation in adults receiving mechanical ventilation. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 18(1) : 42-50; quiz 51, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19116404
  • Jablonski, RA. Swecker, T. Munro, C. Grap, MJ. Ligon, M. Measuring the oral health of nursing home elders. Clinical Nursing Research. 18(3) : 200-17, 2009.
  • Ge, X.Kitten, T.Chen, Z.Lee, SP.Munro, CL.Xu, P. Identification of Streptococcus sanguinis genes required for biofilm formation and examination of their role in endocarditis virulence. Infection and immunity. 76(6) : 2551-9, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18390999
  • Tang, G.Kitten, T.Munro, CL.Wellman, GC.Mintz, KP. EmaA, a potential virulence determinant of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in infective endocarditis. Infection and immunity. 76(6) : 2316-24, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18347033
  • Jones, DJ.Munro, CL. Oral care and the risk of bloodstream infections in mechanically ventilated adults: A review. Intensive & critical care nursing : the official journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses. 24(3) : 152-61, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18403205
  • O'Neal, PV.Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Rausch, SM. Subglottic secretion viscosity and evacuation efficiency. Biological research for nursing. 8(3) : 202-9, 2007. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17172319
  • Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Jablonski, R.Boyle, A. Oral health measurement in nursing research: state of the science. Biological research for nursing. 8(1) : 35-42, 2006. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16766627
  • Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Elswick, RK.McKinney, J.Sessler, CN.Hummel, RS. Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a descriptive study. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 15(5) : 453-60, 2006. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16926366
  • Bearman, GM. Munro, C. Sessler, CN. Wenzel, RP. Infection control and the prevention of nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit. Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 27(3) : 310-24, 2006.
  • Grap, MJ. Pickler, RH. Munro, C. Observation of behavior in sedated, mechanically ventilated children. Pediatric Nursing. 32(3) : 216-20, 2006.
  • Jablonski, RA.Munro, CL.Grap, MJ.Elswick, RK. The role of biobehavioral, environmental, and social forces on oral health disparities in frail and functionally dependent nursing home elders. Biological research for nursing. 7(1) : 75-82, 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15920005
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL. Quality improvement in backrest elevation: improving outcomes in critical care. AACN clinical issues. 16(2) : 133-9, 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15876880
  • Grap, MJ.Borchers, CT.Munro, CL.Elswick, RK.Sessler, CN. Actigraphy in the critically ill: correlation with activity, agitation, and sedation. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 14(1) : 52-60, 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15608109
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Hummel, RS.Elswick, RK.McKinney, JL.Sessler, CN. Effect of backrest elevation on the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 14(4) : 325-32; quiz 333, 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15980424
  • Paik, S.Senty, L.Das, S.Noe, JC.Munro, CL.Kitten, T. Identification of virulence determinants for endocarditis in Streptococcus sanguinis by signature-tagged mutagenesis. Infection and immunity. 73(9) : 6064-74, 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16113327
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL. Preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia: evidence-based care. Critical care nursing clinics of North America. 16(3) : 349-58, viii, 2004. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15358383
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Elswick, RK.Sessler, CN.Ward, KR. Duration of action of a single, early oral application of chlorhexidine on oral microbial flora in mechanically ventilated patients: a pilot study. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 33(2) : 83-91, 2004. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15024373
  • Munro, CL.Grap, MJ. Oral health and care in the intensive care unit: state of the science. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 13(1) : 25-33; discussion 34, 2004. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14735645
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Ashtiani, B.Bryant, S. Oral care interventions in critical care: frequency and documentation. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 12(2) : 113-8; discussion 119, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12625169
  • Grap, MJ. Munro, CL. Ashtiani, B. Bryant, S. Oral care interventions in critical care: frequency and documentation. American Journal of Critical Care. 12(2) : 113-8, 2003.
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL.Bryant, S.Ashtiani, B. Predictors of backrest elevation in critical care. Intensive & critical care nursing : the official journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses. 19(2) : 68-74, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12706732
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL. Subject recruitment in critical care nursing research: a complex task in a complex environment. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 32(3) : 162-8, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12827101
  • Paik, S.Brown, A.Munro, CL.Cornelissen, CN.Kitten, T. The sloABCR operon of Streptococcus mutans encodes an Mn and Fe transport system required for endocarditis virulence and its Mn-dependent repressor. Journal of bacteriology. 185(20) : 5967-75, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14526007
  • McCain, NL.Munjas, BA.Munro, CL.Elswick, RK.Robins, JL.Ferreira-Gonzalez, A.Baliko, B.Kaplowitz, LG.Fisher, EJ.Garrett, CT.Brigle, KE.Kendall, LC.Lucas, V.Cochran, KL. Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. Research in nursing & health. 26(2) : 102-17, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12652607
  • Grap, MJ. Munro, C. Research corner. Use of backrest elevation in critical care. AACN News. , 2003.
  • O'Neal, PV. Brown, N. Munro, C. Physiologic factors contributing to a transition in oral immunity among mechanically ventilated adults. Biological Research for Nursing. 3(3) : 132-9, 2002.
  • Grap, MJ. Blecha, T. Munro, C. A description of patients' report of endotracheal tube discomfort. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 18(4) : 244-9, 2002.
  • Dillon, A. Munro, CL. Grap, MJ. Nurses' accuracy in estimating backrest elevation. American Journal of Critical Care. 11(1) : 34-7, 2002.
  • Kitten, T.Munro, CL.Wang, A.Macrina, FL. Vaccination with FimA from Streptococcus parasanguis protects rats from endocarditis caused by other viridans streptococci. Infection and immunity. 70(1) : 422-5, 2002. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11748213
  • Munro, C. Grap, MJ. Research corner. Oral care in the critically ill: myth vs. reality. AACN News. , 2002.
  • Munro, CL.Grap, MJ. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes about antibiotic therapy in critical care. Intensive & critical care nursing : the official journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses. 17(4) : 213-8, 2001. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11868729
  • Lyon, DE. Munro, C. Disease severity and symptoms of depression in Black Americans infected with HIV. Applied Nursing Research. 14(1) : 3-10, 2001.
  • Kitten, T.Munro, CL.Michalek, SM.Macrina, FL. Genetic characterization of a Streptococcus mutans LraI family operon and role in virulence. Infection and immunity. 68(8) : 4441-51, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10899841
  • Hummel, R.Grap, MJ.Sessler, CN.Munro, CL.Corley, M. Continuous measurement of backrest elevation in critical care: a research strategy. Critical care medicine. 28(7) : 2621-5, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10921605
  • Grap, MJ.Cantley, M.Munro, CL.Corley, MC. Use of backrest elevation in critical care: a pilot study. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 8(1) : 475-80, 1999. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9987545
  • Munro, CL. Implications for nursing of the Human Genome Project. Neonatal network : NN. 18(3) : 7-12, 1999. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10418432
  • Fitch, JA.Munro, CL.Glass, CA.Pellegrini, JM. Oral care in the adult intensive care unit. American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. 8(5) : 314-8, 1999. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10467468
  • Neil, JA.Munro, CL. A comparison of two culturing methods for chronic wounds. Ostomy/wound management. 43(3) : 20-2, 24, 26 passim, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9205389
  • Grap, MJ.Munro, CL. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: clinical significance and implications for nursing. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 26(6) : 419-29, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9431488
  • Viscount, HB.Munro, CL.Burnette-Curley, D.Peterson, DL.Macrina, FL. Immunization with FimA protects against Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis in rats. Infection and immunity. 65(3) : 994-1002, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9038308
  • Pellegrini, JM. Fitch, JA. Munro, CL, Glass, CA. Oral hygiene in the intensive care unit: Interdisciplinary approach to oral health. Journal of Practical Hygiene. 6(4) : 15-17, 1997.
  • Thompson, N. Pickler, RH. Munro, C. Shotwell, J. Contamination in expressed breast milk following breast cleansing. Journal of Human Lactation. 13(2) : 127-30, 1997.
  • Pickler, RH.Munro, CL. Inherited disorders: a genetic primer. Neonatal network : NN. 15(8) : 17-21, 1996. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9035648
  • Laloi, P.Munro, CL.Jones, KR.Macrina, FL. Immunologic characteristics of a Streptococcus mutans glucosyltransferase B sucrose-binding site peptide-cholera toxin B-subunit chimeric protein. Infection and immunity. 64(1) : 28-36, 1996. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8557352
  • White, KR. Munro, CL. Boyle, AH. Nursing management of adults who have cystic fibrosis. Medsurg Nursing. 5(3) : 163-7, 1996.
  • Munro, CL. Pickler, RH. The basis of heredity: a genetic primer. Neonatal Network. 15(7) : 7-10, 1996.
  • White, KR.Munro, CL.Pickler, RH. Therapeutic implications of recent advances in cystic fibrosis. MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing. 20(6) : 304-8, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8551931
  • Burnette-Curley, D.Wells, V.Viscount, H.Munro, CL.Fenno, JC.Fives-Taylor, P.Macrina, FL. FimA, a major virulence factor associated with Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis. Infection and immunity. 63(12) : 4669-74, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7591121
  • Munro, CL.Michalek, SM.Macrina, FL. Sucrose-derived exopolymers have site-dependent roles in Streptococcus mutans-promoted dental decay. FEMS microbiology letters. 128(3) : 327-32, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7781982
  • Pickler, RH.Munro, CL. Gene therapy for inherited disorders. Journal of pediatric nursing. 10(1) : 40-7, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7891261
  • Macrina, FL.Munro, CL. The case study approach to teaching scientific integrity in nursing and the biomedical sciences. Journal of professional nursing : official journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. 11(1) : 40-4, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7844282
  • Burnette-Curley, D. Wells, V. Viscount, H. Munro, CL. Fenno, JC. Fives-Taylor. P. Macrina, FL. FimA, a major virulence factor associated with Streptococcus parasanguis endocarditis. Infection and Immunity. 63(12) : 4669-74, 1995.
  • Munro, CL. The impact of recent advances in microbiology and immunology on perinatal and women's health care. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG. 24(6) : 525-31, 1995. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7562135
  • Munro, CL.Pickler, RH. The technology and use of blastomere analysis. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG. 23(3) : 229-34, 1994. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8207554
  • Pickler, RH.Munro, CL. Blastomere analysis: issues for discussion. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG. 23(5) : 379-82, 1994. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8083778
  • Wells, VD.Munro, CL.Sulavik, MC.Clewell, DB.Macrina, FL. Infectivity of a glucan synthesis-defective mutant of Streptococcus gordonii (Challis) in a rat endocarditis model. FEMS microbiology letters. 112(3) : 301-5, 1993. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8224794
  • Macrina, FL.Munro, CL. Graduate teaching in principles of scientific integrity. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 68(12) : 879-86, 1993. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8259956
  • Munro, CL.Macrina, FL. Sucrose-derived exopolysaccharides of Streptococcus mutans V403 contribute to infectivity in endocarditis. Molecular microbiology. 8(1) : 133-42, 1993. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8497189
  • Munro, C. Michalek, SM, Macrina, FL Cariogenicity of Streptococcus mutans V403 gluosyltransferase and fructosyltransferase mutants constructed by allelic exchange. Infection and Immunity. 59(7) : 2316-23, 1991.

Grants

  • ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS (Order Total: 464383, 9/10/2014 12:00:00 AM - 7/31/2018 12:00:00 AM)
  • JONAS PH.D., DNP AND VETERANS HEALTHCARE SCHOLARS PROGRAM (Order Total: 30000, 8/1/2014 12:00:00 AM - 7/31/2016 12:00:00 AM)
  • POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) SECONDARY TO MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA (MST) (Order Total: 20000, 1/16/2014 12:00:00 AM - 12/31/2015 12:00:00 AM)
  • JONAS VETERANS HEALTHCARE PROGRAM (Order Total: 30000, 8/1/2012 12:00:00 AM - 7/31/2014 12:00:00 AM)
  • JONAS NURSE LEADERS SCHOLAR PROGRAM (NURSING DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP) (Order Total: 10000, 7/1/2012 12:00:00 AM - 6/30/2014 12:00:00 AM)
  • ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS (Order Total: 211242, 8/4/2011 12:00:00 AM - 6/30/2013 12:00:00 AM)
  • ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS (Order Total: 369449, 8/4/2011 12:00:00 AM - 6/30/2013 12:00:00 AM)
  • ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS (Order Total: 9351, 8/4/2011 12:00:00 AM - 6/30/2013 12:00:00 AM)
  • EFFECT OF BACKREST ELEVATION ON SKIN INTEGRITY IN THE CRITICALLY ILL (Order Total: 33088, 5/10/2011 12:00:00 AM - 7/31/2012 12:00:00 AM)