Fernando Vale, MD

Division Chief, College Of Medicine Neurosurgery

Professor, College Of Medicine Neurosurgery

Surgical Director, Tampa General Hospital, Comprehensive Epilepsy Program

Surgical Director, Pituitary Disease Clinic, University of South Florida

Co-Surgical Director, Parkinson's disease surgery program, University of South Florida

Program Director, Neurosurgery Residency Program, University of South Florida

Vice Chairman, COM NEUROSURGERY, University of South Florida

Attending Neurosurgeon, University of South Florida, James A. Haley VA Hospital

Attending Neurosurgeon, University of South Florida, H. Lee Moffitt Hospital and Cancer Research Center

Professor, COM NEUROSURGERY, University of South Florida

Chief, Department of Neurosurgery, Tampa General Hospital

Contact Info 2 Tampa General Circle
Tampa, FL 33606

Academic Email: fvale@health.usf.edu

Academic Phone: (813) 259-0605


  • MD, University Of Puerto Rico, 1991

Interdisciplinary and Emerging Signature Programs

  • Neuroscience


  • Society of Neurlogical Surgeons (Member, 2013 - Present)
  • Florida Neurosurgical Society (FNS) (Member, 2011 - Present)
  • American Epilepsy Society (AES) (Member, 2002 - Present)
  • Southern Neurosurgery Society (SNS) (Member, 2002 - Present)
  • American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgeons (ASSFN) (Member, 2000 - Present)
  • American Association of Neulogical Surgeons (AANS) (Member, 1997 - Present)
  • Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) (Member, 1977 - Present)

Recent Publications

  • Lau, T.Miller, T.Klein, T.Benbadis, SR.Vale, FL. Temporal lobe surgery in medically refractory epilepsy: A comparison between populations based on MRI findings. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. 23(1) : 20-4, 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24094849
  • Vale, FL.Deukmedjian, AR.Hann, S.Shah, V.Morrison, AD. Medically treated prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas: when should we operate? British journal of neurosurgery. 27(1) : 56-62, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22938595
  • Vale, FL.Pollock, G.Dionisio, J.Benbadis, SR.Tatum, WO. Outcome and complications of chronically implanted subdural electrodes for the treatment of medically resistant epilepsy. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 115(7) : 985-90, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23131430
  • Park, MS.Nakagawa, E.Schoenberg, MR.Benbadis, SR.Vale, FL. Outcome of corpus callosotomy in adults. Epilepsy & behavior : E&B. 28(2) : 181-4, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23747503
  • Beckman, JM.Vale, FL. Using the zygomatic root as a reference point in temporal lobe surgery. Acta neurochirurgica. , 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24052069
  • Vale, FL.Reintjes, S.Garcia, HG. Complications after mesial temporal lobe surgery via inferiortemporal gyrus approach. Neurosurgical focus. 34(6) : E2, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23724836
  • Baaj, AA.Alikhani, P.Sack, J.Vale, FL.Greenberg, MS. Drainage of a ventral epidural atlantoaxial abscess via the transoral approach. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 19(7) : 1044-5, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22475769
  • Vale, FL.Effio, E.Arredondo, N.Bozorg, A.Wong, K.Martinez, C.Downes, K.Tatum, WO.Benbadis, SR. Efficacy of temporal lobe surgery for epilepsy in patients with negative MRI for mesial temporal lobe sclerosis. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 19(1) : 101-6, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22154486
  • Baaj, AA.Gantwerker, BR.Theodore, N.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL.Crawford, NR.Sonntag, VK. Radiographic Assessment of Thoracolumbar Fractures based on Axial Zones. Journal of spinal disorders & techniques. , 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22456686
  • Vale, FL.Bozorg, AM.Schoenberg, MR.Wong, K.Witt, TC. Long-term radiosurgery effects in the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy. Journal of neurosurgery. 117(5) : 962-9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22839651
  • Resnick, AS.Okun, MS.Malapira, T.Smith, D.Vale, FL.Sullivan, K.Miller, A.Jahan, I.Zesiewicz, T. Sustained Medication Reduction Following Unilateral VIM Thalamic Stimulation for Essential Tremor. Tremor and other hyperkinetic movements (New York, N.Y.). 2, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23440408
  • Baaj, AA.Smith, DA.Vale, FL.Uribe, JS. Surgical approaches to thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 19(3) : 349-51, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22249019
  • Vivas, AC.Baaj, AA.Benbadis, SR.Vale, FL. The health care burden of patients with epilepsy in the United States: an analysis of a nationwide database over 15 years. Neurosurgical focus. 32(3) : E1, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22380850
  • Vale, FL.Pollock, G.Benbadis, SR. Failed epilepsy surgery for mesial temporal lobe sclerosis: a review of the pathophysiology. Neurosurgical focus. 32(3) : E9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22380863
  • Le, TV.Vivas, AC.Baaj, AA.Vale, FL.Uribe, JS. Optimal Trajectory for the Occipital Condyle Screw. Journal of spinal disorders & techniques. , 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22425891
  • Le, TV.Dakwar, E.Hann, S.Effio, E.Baaj, AA.Martinez, C.Vale, FL.Uribe, JS. Computed tomography-based morphometric analysis of the human occipital condyle for occipital condyle-cervical fusion. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 15(3) : 328-31, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21639701
  • Burkett, CJ.Patel, S.Tabor, MH.Padhya, T.Vale, FL. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel dural sealant and collagen dural graft matrix in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery for prevention of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 18(11) : 1513-7, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21868232
  • Le, TV.Baaj, AA.Deukmedjian, A.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL. Chance fractures in the pediatric population. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 8(2) : 189-97, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21806362
  • Baaj, AA.Downes, K.Vaccaro, AR.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL. Trends in the treatment of lumbar spine fractures in the United States: a socioeconomics perspective: clinical article. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 15(4) : 367-70, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21740124
  • Patel, SN.Youssef, AS.Vale, FL.Padhya, TA. Re-evaluation of the role of image guidance in minimally invasive pituitary surgery: benefits and outcomes. Computer aided surgery : official journal of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery. 16(2) : 47-53, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21291344
  • Dakwar, E.Vale, FL.Uribe, JS. Trajectory of the main sensory and motor branches of the lumbar plexus outside the psoas muscle related to the lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 14(2) : 290-5, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21214318
  • Baaj, AA.Reyes, PM.Yaqoobi, AS.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL.Theodore, N.Sonntag, VK.Crawford, NR. Biomechanical advantage of the index-level pedicle screw in unstable thoracolumbar junction fractures. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 14(2) : 192-7, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21214311
  • Uribe, JS.Dakwar, E.Cardona, RF.Vale, FL. Minimally invasive lateral retropleural thoracolumbar approach: cadaveric feasibility study and report of 4 clinical cases. Neurosurgery. 68(1 Suppl Operative) : 32-9; discussion 39, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21206309
  • Vale, FL.Ahmadian, A.Youssef, AS.Tatum, WO.Benbadis, SR. Long-term outcome of vagus nerve stimulation therapy after failed epilepsy surgery. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. 20(3) : 244-8, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21196125
  • Uribe, JS.Ramos-Zapata, E.Vale, FL. Condyle screws. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 14(1) : 139-40; author reply 140-1, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21166489
  • Schoenberg, MR.Frontera, AT.Bozorg, A.Hernandez-Frau, P.Vale, F.Benbadis, SR. An update on epilepsy. Expert review of neurotherapeutics. 11(5) : 639-45, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21539485
  • Apostolatos, H.Apostolatos, A.Vickers, T.Watson, JE.Song, S.Vale, F.Cooper, DR.Sanchez-Ramos, J.Patel, NA. Vitamin A metabolite, all-trans-retinoic acid, mediates alternative splicing of protein kinase C deltaVIII (PKCdeltaVIII) isoform via splicing factor SC35. The Journal of biological chemistry. 285(34) : 25987-95, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20547768
  • Phommachanh, V.Patil, YJ.McCaffrey, TV.Vale, F.Freeman, TB.Padhya, TA. Otolaryngologic management of delayed pharyngoesophageal perforation following anterior cervical spine surgery. The Laryngoscope. 120(5) : 930-6, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20422686
  • Uribe, JS.Arredondo, N.Dakwar, E.Vale, FL. Defining the safe working zones using the minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach: an anatomical study. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 13(2) : 260-6, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20672964
  • Uribe, JS.Vale, FL.Dakwar, E. Electromyographic monitoring and its anatomical implications in minimally invasive spine surgery. Spine. 35(26 Suppl) : S368-74, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21160402
  • Weinstein, JS.Liu, KC.Delashaw, JB.Burchiel, KJ.van Loveren, HR.Vale, FL.Agazzi, S.Greenberg, MS.Smith, DA.Tew, J. The safety and effectiveness of a dural sealant system for use with nonautologous duraplasty materials. Journal of neurosurgery. 112(2) : 428-33, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19645538
  • Uribe, JS.Ramos, E.Youssef, AS.Levine, N.Turner, AW.Johnson, WM.Vale, FL. Craniocervical fixation with occipital condyle screws: biomechanical analysis of a novel technique. Spine. 35(9) : 931-8, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20375778
  • Sangala, JR.Nichols, T.Uribe, JS.Melton, M.Vale, FL. Sternal cancellous bone graft harvest for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with interbody cage devices. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 112(6) : 470-3, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20382471
  • Baaj, AA.Uribe, JS.Nichols, TA.Theodore, N.Crawford, NR.Sonntag, VK.Vale, FL. Health care burden of cervical spine fractures in the United States: analysis of a nationwide database over a 10-year period. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 13(1) : 61-6, 2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20594019
  • Uribe, JS.Ramos, E.Baaj, A.Youssef, AS.Vale, FL. Occipital cervical stabilization using occipital condyles for cranial fixation: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 65(6) : E1216-7; discussion E1217, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19934947
  • Dakwar, E.Uribe, JS.Padhya, TA.Vale, FL. Management of delayed esophageal perforations after anterior cervical spinal surgery. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 11(3) : 320-5, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19769513
  • Baaj, AA.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL.Preul, MC.Crawford, NR. History of cervical disc arthroplasty. Neurosurgical focus. 27(3) : E10, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19722812
  • Baaj, AA.Uribe, JS.Vale, FL. Open reduction and internal fixation of a lumbar Chance fracture in a child using Songer cable and lamina plates. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 3(2) : 129-31, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19278312
  • Ramos, E.Benbadis, S.Vale, FL. Failure of temporal lobe resection for epilepsy in patients with mesial temporal sclerosis: results and treatment options. Journal of neurosurgery. 110(6) : 1127-34, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19249930
  • Lulic, D.Ahmadian, A.Baaj, AA.Benbadis, SR.Vale, FL. Vagus nerve stimulation. Neurosurgical focus. 27(3) : E5, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19722820
  • Baaj, AA.Vale, FL.Carter, JD.Rojiani, AM. Granulomatosis with CNS involvement: a neuroimaging clinicopathologic correlation. Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging. 19(2) : 194-7, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18393953
  • Uribe, JS.Vale, FL. Limited access inferior temporal gyrus approach to mesial basal temporal lobe tumors. Journal of neurosurgery. 110(1) : 137-46, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18950264
  • Sangala, JR.Uribe, JS.Park, P.Martinez, C.Vale, FL. Nerve root prolapse into a spinal arachnoid cyst--an unusual cause of radiculopathy. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 111(5) : 460-4, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19185984
  • Benbadis, S.Vale, F.Dubeau, F.Duchowny, M. Huh? Hemispherectomy in adults?: an exercise in risk-benefit analysis. Epileptic disorders : international epilepsy journal with videotape. 11(3) : 258-9, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19775991
  • Uribe, JS.Sangala, JR.Duckworth, EA.Vale, FL. Comparison between anterior cervical discectomy fusion and cervical corpectomy fusion using titanium cages for reconstruction: analysis of outcome and long-term follow-up. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society. 18(5) : 654-62, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19214597
  • Tatum, WO.Vale, FL. Vagus nerve stimulation and cardiac asystole. Epilepsia. 50(12) : 2671-2, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20021498
  • Youssef, AS.Morgan, JM.Padhya, T.Vale, FL. Penetrating craniofacial injury inflicted by a knife. The Journal of trauma. 64(6) : 1622-4, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16983297
  • Tatum, WO.Benbadis, SR.Hussain, A.Al-Saadi, S.Kaminski, B.Heriaud, LS.Vale, FL. Ictal EEG remains the prominent predictor of seizure-free outcome after temporal lobectomy in epileptic patients with normal brain MRI. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. 17(7) : 631-6, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18486498
  • Baaj, AA.Benbadis, SR.Tatum, WO.Vale, FL. Trends in the use of vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy: analysis of a nationwide database. Neurosurgical focus. 25(3) : E10, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18759611
  • Duckworth, EA.Vale, FL. Trephine epilepsy surgery: the inferior temporal gyrus approach. Neurosurgery. 63(1 Suppl 1) : ONS156-60; discussion ONS160-1, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18728594
  • Dakwar, E.Reddy, J.Vale, FL.Uribe, JS. A review of the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurgical focus. 24(1) : E2, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18290740
  • Acosta, I.Vale, F.Tatum, WO.Benbadis, SR. Epilepsy surgery after age 60. Epilepsy & behavior : E&B. 12(2) : 324-5, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18035593
  • Sangala, JR.Dakwar, E.Uribe, J.Vale, F. Nonsurgical management of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurgical focus. 24(1) : E5, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18290743
  • Uribe, JS.Ramos, E.Vale, F. Feasibility of occipital condyle screw placement for occipitocervical fixation: a cadaveric study and description of a novel technique. Journal of spinal disorders & techniques. 21(8) : 540-6, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19057245
  • Tatum, WO.Ferreira, JA.Benbadis, SR.Heriaud, LS.Gieron, M.Rodgers-Neame, NT.Vale, FL. Vagus nerve stimulation for pharmacoresistant epilepsy: clinical symptoms with end of service. Epilepsy & behavior : E&B. 5(1) : 128-32, 2004. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14751218
  • Benbadis, SR.Heriaud, L.Tatum, WO.Vale, FL. Epilepsy surgery, delays and referral patterns-are all your epilepsy patients controlled? Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. 12(3) : 167-70, 2003. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12651083
  • Benbadis, SR.Nyhenhuis, J.Tatum, WO.Murtagh, FR.Gieron, M.Vale, FL. MRI of the brain is safe in patients implanted with the vagus nerve stimulator. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. 10(7) : 512-5, 2001. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11749109
  • Tatum, WO.Johnson, KD.Goff, S.Ferreira, JA.Vale, FL. Vagus nerve stimulation and drug reduction. Neurology. 56(4) : 561-3, 2001. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11261422
  • Benbadis, SR.Tatum, WO.Vale, FL. When drugs don't work: an algorithmic approach to medically intractable epilepsy. Neurology. 55(12) : 1780-4, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11188984
  • Tatum, WO.Benbadis, SR.Vale, FL. The neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy. Archives of family medicine. 9(10) : 1142-7, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11115221
  • Benbadis, SR.Tatum, WO.Murtagh, FR.Vale, FL. MRI evidence of mesial temporal sclerosis in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Neurology. 55(7) : 1061-2, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11061274
  • Benbadis, SR.Johnson, K.Anthony, K.Caines, G.Hess, G.Jackson, C.Vale, FL.Tatum, WO. Induction of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures without placebo. Neurology. 55(12) : 1904-5, 2000. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11134393
  • Vale, FL.Oliver, M.Cahill, DW. Rigid occipitocervical fusion. Journal of neurosurgery. 91(2 Suppl) : 144-50, 1999. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10505496
  • Tatum, WO.Moore, DB.Stecker, MM.Baltuch, GH.French, JA.Ferreira, JA.Carney, PM.Labar, DR.Vale, FL. Ventricular asystole during vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy in humans. Neurology. 52(6) : 1267-9, 1999. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10214755
  • Vale, FL.Fisher, WS.Jordan, WD.Palmer, CA.Vitek, J. Carotid endarterectomy performed after progressive carotid stenosis following angioplasty and stent placement. Case report. Journal of neurosurgery. 87(6) : 940-3, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9384408
  • Vale, FL.Burns, J.Jackson, AB.Hadley, MN. Combined medical and surgical treatment after acute spinal cord injury: results of a prospective pilot study to assess the merits of aggressive medical resuscitation and blood pressure management. Journal of neurosurgery. 87(2) : 239-46, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9254087
  • Vale, FL.Bradley, EL.Fisher, WS. The relationship of subarachnoid hemorrhage and the need for postoperative shunting. Journal of neurosurgery. 86(3) : 462-6, 1997. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9046303


  • Recipient (Latino Who's Who - 2011)
  • The John Thompson Best Teacher (Department of Neurosurgery, University of South Florida - 2009)
  • Recipient (Best Doctors in America - 2007)
  • Recipient (Guide to America's Top Physician - 2003)
  • Honor Member (America's Registry of Outstanding Professionals - 2002)
  • Recipient (Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare - 2000)
  • Recipient (Who's Who in American Education - 2000)