Upper GI Endoscopy
Upper GI endoscopy (also known as esophagogastroduodenoscopy [EGD]) is a procedure that allows your physician to examine the lining of your upper GI tract including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
For a successful and safe examination it is essential that your stomach be empty of food or drink before the procedure. Your doctor or nurse will inform you of the length of time required for fasting before the exam. You should inform your doctor of current medications you may be taking as well as any allergies you have several days prior to the procedure.
Depending on your doctor you may have your throat sprayed with a local anesthetic before the exam. You also may be given medication via an intravenous access in your vein so you will have no discomfort and won't remember the test. A bite block will be placed in your mouth to protect your teeth and allow the endoscope to pass easily through the oral cavity. While in a comfortable position on your side the endoscope will be passed through your mouth and into your esophagus, stomach, and possibly duodenum. Depending on the purpose of your procedure, biopsies may be taken and delivered to a pathologist in order to facilitate proper diagnosis. Most patients have little to no discomfort and no recollection of the procedure.
If you receive sedation you will not be allowed to drive for the rest of the day. Sedatives may affect your judgement and reflexes. Therefore, you will need to have someone drive you home.
If you have any questions before the procedure please ask your doctor or nurse. You are entitled to answers to all of your questions.