What is a UTI?
A UTI, or urinary tract infection, is an infection of the urinary bladder. Medically speaking, an infection of the urinary bladder is cystitis which can affect other parts in the urinary system such as the kidneys, ureters, and urethra. Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men.
What causes a UTI?
A UTI is typically caused by a bacterial infection that enters the urinary bladder through the urethra. Bladder infections can come from many sources such as stool, sexual intercourse, and the use of a spermicide. Other risk factors include those who are diabetic or pregnant. For women, a diaphragm can increase the risk of a UTI infection. Irritation around the urethra can also increase the chance for infection as well as the use of tampons, panty liners, or pads that contains deodorant. For men, an abnormality in the urinary tract or in the nerves of the bladder can lead to an infection. In most men, kidney stones and swelling of the prostate blocks the urinary tract.
What are the symptoms of a UTI?
Those with a UTI often experience symptoms of a painful stinging and burning while urinating. Other common symptoms of UTI’s include strong urges to urinate even if small amounts of urine is passed, a cloudy or bloody discharge in your urine, a strong odor from your urine, lower back pain, and pelvic area pain. There is a slight possibility that a bladder infection could make you feel nauseated or ill.
What is the treatment for a UTI?
UTI’s can be treated by antibiotics which will treat the bladder infection and its associated symptoms. The objective is to treat the infection with antibiotics before it worsen and spreads to the kidneys. Medicine may also be prescribed to relieve bladder discomfort. Treatment of UTI’s don’t just stop with antibiotics. Drinking extra amounts of water and fluids such as cranberry juice will help relieve symptoms and expedite the recovery process. If symptoms or inflammation persists, additional tests may be needed.